Report Text

What is Report?

1.      Definition of Report

Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analysis

2.      Generic Structure of Report

1.      General classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general

2.      Description: Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part , customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials

3.      Language Feature of Report

•         Introducing group or general aspect

•         Using conditional logical connection; when, so, etc

•         Using simple present tense

4.      Examples and structures of the text



General Clasification The white pelican is one of the most successful fish-eating birds.
Description The success is largely due to its command hunting behaviour. A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in a curved arc some distance offshore. The birds then begin to move forward towards the shore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.

When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation breaks up as each bird dips its bill into the water to scoop up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed.

Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds, Fossils of this genus have been found dating back 40 million years.


Example of Report Text

A.     Platypus; a report text

Many people call platypus duckbill because this animal has a bill like duckbill. Platypus is a native Tasmania and southern and eastern Australia.

Platypus has a flat tail and webbed feet. Its body length is 30 to 45 cm and covered with a thick, and woolly layer of fur. Its bill is detecting prey and stirring up mud. Platypus’ eyes and head are small. It has no ears but has ability to sense sound and light.

Platypus lives in streams, rivers, and lakes. Female platypus usually dig burrows in the streams or river banks. The burrows are blocked with soil to protect it from intruders and flooding. In the other hand, male platypus does not need any burrow to stay.


Analyzing on the Text

Generic Structure analysis

General classification; stating general classification, the animal of platypus.

Description; describing in detail characterization of platypus’ body and habitual life

Language Feature Analysis

Focusing in group; the animal of platypus

conditional, logical connective; but, in the other hand

Simple present tense pattern; Platypus lives in streams, male platypus does not need any burrow, etc




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